Biopolymer from Extraction Seeds of Kluwih and Jackfruit for Enhanced Oil Recovery
Polymer injection is a tertiary recovery that lowering the injection-oil water mobility ratio thus more efficient to produce oil. The increase in the polymer used for injection requires a large number of suitable polymers. Laboratory studies are necessary to develop new polymer produced domestically, with easily available materials, do not damage the environment, not harm the environment, and are economical. Seeds of Kluwih and Jackfruit contain the starch as a biopolymer for polymer injection because competent to act as a viscosifying agent thus repair the water-oil mobility ratio. Laboratory study is carried out through a series of processes. From starch extraction to polymer screening. The pure starch extraction is done by the wet method through a series of experiments carried out repeatedly. Observation with polymer screening was carried out on five tests. The rheology of polymers examined at two different polymer concentrations and temperatures to determine the viscosity at varying shear rate. Compatibility tests are reviewed to determine the homogeneous and the solubility of the polymer by the solvent. Filtration test is an entrapment test, know the relation between polymer molecule sizes and pore size distribution. The static polymer test is an adsorption test to know the polymer retention in the core caused by chemical interaction between core and polymer. The polymer flooding procedure is to know polymer performance to pushes remaining oil after waterflooding. The results show a pure starch without impurity content. In liquid, the starch acts as a viscosifying agent. Both of the two polymers degrade by shear rate and (polymer chain) broken at higher temperatures. Kluwih and Jackfruit starch dissolve homogeneously without a lumping. Polymer trapping and adsorption not dominantly occur by Jackfruit and Kluwih. The native polymer can enhance oil recovery but sensitive to the core and polymeric conditions.
Berea Sandstone. (2019). Retrieved August 7, 2019, from Berea Sandstone™ Petroleum Cores: https://www.bereasandstonecores.com
Agra, I. B., Warnijati, S., & Pujianto, B. (1973). Hidrolisa pati ketela rambat pada suhu lebih dari 100 C. Forum Teknik, 3, 115 - 129.
Ben, E. S., Zulianis, & Halim, A. (2007). Studi awal permisahan amilosan dan amilopektin pati singkong dengan fraksinasi butanol – air. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Farmasi, 12, 1-11.
Cenk, T., Dike, P., Henny, A., & Raul, M. (2017). Economic Comparison of Hydrocarbon Recovery under Injection of Different Polymers. SPE/IATMI Asia Pacific Oil & Gas Conference and Exhibition.
Fadilah, U., Wijaya, I. M., & Antara, N. S. (2018). Studi pengaruh pH awal media dan lama fermentasi pada proses produksi etanol dari hidrolisat tepung biji nangka dengan menggunakan Saccharomycess cerevisiae. Jurnal Rekayasa dan Manajemen Agroindustri, 6, 92-102.
Gajah, G. (2019). Investigasi eksperimental mekanisme transportasi HPAM pada media berpori. Bachelor Thesis Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering Institut Teknologi Bandung.
Gajah, G., Susantry, Arifin, I., Ramas, E. W., & Hidayat, R. (2019). Indonesia local biopolymer for enhanced oil recovery from seeds of kluwih. Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association Forty Third Annual Convention & Exhibition.
Lehninger, & Albert, L. (1982). Basics of biochemical (Vol. 1). Jakarta: Erlangga.
Mack, J. C., & Duvall, M. L. (1984). Performance and Economics of Minnelusa Polymer Floods. SPE Rocky Mountain Regional Meeting.
Mishra, Saurabh, Bera, A., & Mandal, A. (2014). Effect of polymer adsorption on permeability reduction in enhanced oil effect of polymer adsorption on permeability. Journal of Petroleum Engineering.
Mukprasirt, A., & Sajjaanantaku, K. (2004). Physico-chemical properties of flour and starch from jackfruit eeds (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) compared with modified starch. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 39, 217 - 276.
Sieberer, M., Jamek, K., & Clemens, T. (2017). Polymer-Flooding Economics, From Pilot to Field Implementation. SPE Economics & Management.
Sukatiningsih. (2005). Physicochemical and functional properties of starch from breadnut (Artocarpus communis G.Forst) seed. Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian, 6, 163-169.
Usman, F. (2018, December 20). Guna Meningkatkan Produksi, Pertamina EP Terapkan EOR Injeksi Polymer di Field Tanjung. Retrieved August 17, 2019, from Pertamina: https://pertamina.com/id/news-room/news-release/guna-meningkatkan-produksi-pertamina-ep-terapkan-eor-injeksi-polymer-di-field-tanjung
Wikipedia. (2018, February 15). Amilum. Retrieved August 7, 2019, from Wikipedia: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amilum
Wikipedia. (2018, November 22). Kluwih. Retrieved August 7, 2019, from Wikipedia: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kluwih
Wikipedia. (2019, March 26). Hidrolisis. Retrieved August 7, 2019, from Wikipedia: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hidrolisis
Winarno, F. G. (1986). Kimia pangan dan gizi. Jakarta: Gramedia.
Zhou, K., Hou, J., Ren, X., & Yu, B. (2017). Economic Design of Surfactant-Polymer Flooding Under Low Oil Price. SPE Oil and Gas India Conference and Exhibition.