Rethinking Energy Security in Indonesia from a Net Zero Perspective

  • Ayu Pratiwi Muyasyaroh Energy Justice Indonesia
Keywords: energy security, net zero emissions, renewable energy, carbon capture and storage, Integrated Assessment Model


This study aims at examining in what way and to what extent Indonesia can safeguard its energy security from a net zero perspective. To achieve the objective of this study, the current and projected figures of three variables of the country’s energy system—the total emissions of Kyoto gases, CO2 emissions per sector, and primary energy mix—up to the end of the century were calculated. To shed light on these variables, IMAGE 3.2, an Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) was used. Three scenarios that include CurPol, NDC, and Glasgow were reviewed. This study found that the country's reliance on finite fossil fuels becomes unavoidable, potentially causing Indonesia to miss its net zero target while also being vulnerable to energy crises. It is found that neither strategy described in the country’s current policies nor in its NDC are in line with the country’s net-zero target.This situation is exacerbated by the fact that Indonesia has not enshrined its net zero target in law, leaving the country’s net zero commitment merely as a proposal rather than a pledge. Thus, if Indonesia is committed to ensure its energy security while also meeting its net zero target, it becomes imperative for the country to advance energy efficiency measures, incorporate carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology to control the emissions of ffossil fuels, and significantly increase the shares of renewables (solar and biomass in particular) to at least 50%in the country's primary energy mix.


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Author Biography

Ayu Pratiwi Muyasyaroh, Energy Justice Indonesia

Ayu Pratiwi Muyasyaroh is a consultant in sustainability studies who has worked with many institutions, such as the Ministry of Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia and ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability. Currently, she works as a research associate, assisting the Director of Research Strategy and Innovation, ERIA, in various topics of research. The interventions she offers shall be in the form of policy recommendations or technology initiatives. Aside from her profession as a consultant and researcher. To help Indonesia narrowing the disparities in Indonesia's energy and education, Ayu also found two platforms (IG: Energy Justice Indonesia) and ScholarTalk (TikTok: Pratiwi Muyasyaroh). More details about the said plaforms, kindly reach out to Ayu (she's more than happy to do that!) or straightly check their social media.


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How to Cite
Muyasyaroh, A. P. (2024). Rethinking Energy Security in Indonesia from a Net Zero Perspective. Indonesian Journal of Energy, 7(1), 16-26.